雅思小作文题型特性有哪些?

雅思小作文题型特性有哪些?

雅思考试学术类小作文图型类型简介

1. 第一罗汉:排序罗汉

排序构造运用于排序和正确引导具备一定逻辑顺序的数据名字,一般用以排序“第2名”之后的数据专有名词.常见的逻辑顺序是数据的绝对值尺寸,時间的依次,数据转变力度的尺寸等.其优势取决于能够快速地找出下一个数据代指另一半,另外能够根据延续定语从句或是词性标注来提升句式的复杂性.在线形图,饼状图,柱状图和数据表格中运用普遍.小结出常见的排序构造一共有下列好多个:

a. Next come…

b. … come next

c. It is followed by…

d. This is followed by…

e. … leaving … at …

举个比较简单的事例,例如中国是全世界人口数量数最多的國家,印尼排第2.那麼人们无论用哪些的语句去写中国,在写完中国之后,就能够用所述排序构造中的某一个来找出印尼,例如:It is followed by India…随后在联络以后所需表达的数据来配搭不一样的句型.下边人们来实际看好多个排序在考试真题中的使用方法:

I. College C has the greatest proportion of lectures with PHD qualification among all the colleges, at 60%. Next comes college A, at 50%, followed by college B, at 30%.(依照数据尺寸关联)

II. London has the oldest underground railway system among the six cities and it was opened in the year 1863. Paris comes next, with the second oldest underground system being opened in 1900.(依照時间的依次)

III. Flying by air produces by far the greatest CO2 emissions. This is followed by passenger cars which are the next largest producers.(依照数据尺寸关联)

IV. The underground train driver saw a much quicker growth rate in their annual salary than other professions. Police officer comes next, followed by the fire fighter and nurse.(依照数据的力度尺寸关联)

V. Turning to the pie graph, over half of the funds were spent on building roads (52%). Next comes railways, taking up nearly one third of the funds. (依照数据尺寸关联)

在所述题型中,创作者在柱状图和饼状图的叙述全过程中分別应用了2个排序构造,第一处后边用定语从句来延续,第二处则应用了词性标注.看得见,在应用这一构造的那时候,人们特别注意和别的句式和英语的语法点的“配搭”,进而提升句型的转变,可是薛老师并不是提议全部数据图表持续应用排序构造来表达.

2. 第二罗汉:比例罗汉

在数据图表题中基本上每个图型都是涉及百分比或是比例等数据,而稍微缺憾的是人们许多同学们针对怎样表达这种数据并不是很清晰,因而常常应用不正确.实际上要精确表达并不会太难,要是把握好多个关键的语汇:例如,percent是“百分之二十”的含意,相当于%标记,前边应当用数据,例如60%能够写出60 percent, 此外要留意percent后边是没加s的.而percentage是“百分比”的含意,后边不可以立即跟大数字,一般必须用the percentage of来表达某一百分比.除此之外,人们常常能够用proportion, share, rate等来表达同样的含意,例如:

I. A large proportion of the earth’s surface is covered with water.

II. Americans spend a smaller share of income on food than residents of other developed nations.

III. The rate of heart disease increased sharply between 1950 and 1960.

IV. The percentage of residents below 18 years old was much higher in Utah than that in other two states.

在百分比数据中,提醒考生们还要需注意下列这好多个关键的数据,他们的学术化表达都是小作文高分数范例中的一大闪光点,学生们需高度关注并灵活运用,例如:

25%; 33%; 50%; 67%; 75% 相匹配的成绩分別为 1/4; 1/3; 1/2; 2/3; 3/4.所述5个成绩以及相匹配的百分比的表达在四种基本数据图表题里司空见惯,因而,恰当而且有效的表达这种大数字就看起来极其重要.在实际上考试时,人们在题型中见到这种百分比立刻要转化成相匹配的成绩,那样就能够立即用英语来精确表达,即:

25%---a quarter; 33%--one/a third; 50%--half; 67%--two thirds; 75%--three quarters.

可是实际上运用时数据并非一定那麼巧恰好是这好多个百分比,在这种成绩左右波动五个月环比间的标值人们一样能够凭借这5个成绩来表达,例如:69%人们能够写出slightly over two thirds, 72%人们能够写出slightly under three quarters这些,根据那样不大的转换,人们既提升了篇幅,又合乎学术化的表达:

23% of the residents in Utah are people of 0-14 age group. 人们便能改成:

Slightly under a quarter of the citizens in Utah are people of 0-14 age group.

除开所述这好多个关键成绩外,人们有时还会碰到80%, 90%这2个相对性很大的比例,这一那时候,人们还可以将其用a majority of或是是a vast majority of来开展学术化的变换:

A majority of courses at college C obtain top rating from inspectors, compared to 60% and 40% of other colleges.

3. 第三罗汉:“占有”罗汉

在饼状图,柱状图和数据表格中,人们常常会必须表达A占了B的几分之几那样的含意,这一那时候,人们能够用下列5个英语单词或短语来精确表达:

constitute; comprise; take up; account for; make up

I. Asians comprise over one third of the six billion inhabitants.

II. In California, while blacks make up less than 20 percent of the juvenile population, over half of all arrests involve black children.

III. In general, the American general population spent a total of 7 hours 47 minutes on watching TV each week, which account for over half of the total hours.

IV. In 1960, the 15-46 age group constituted over half of the Japanese population.

特别注意的是,occupy这一词也是“占”的含意,可是一般在学术类小作文中人们无需它来表达占据的意思,由于它意味着“物理学”的占有,而数据图表中的占有是归属于“抽象性”的.

4. 第四罗汉:问卷调查罗汉

和调查问卷相关的英语单词是:survey/interview/questionnaire 问卷调查的結果一般表述为:the results of a survey/the responses to a survey

调查问卷或是浏览的个人为:the people interviewed/respondent

I. The table illustrates the results of a survey on the university facilities in three British colleges in 2002.

II. Over half of the respondents give a positive feedback to the facilities.

在上边的第一个列句中,人们能够用the responses to a survey来同义替换成画线的语句.

5. 第五罗汉:超越点罗汉

那条必需知识结构图人们一般只运用于条状图,由于一般只能2条左右的曲线图才将会出現交点的状况,这一那时候人们能够用较为有效的句式来叙述在其中的数个交点,实际的创作基础理论为:以升高或是增长幅度很大的哪条线做为主机的描绘內容,随后用现在分词来描绘超越点,后边接续超越時间点.例如:

The production of CFC-12, on the other hand, showed an upward trend throughout the 20-year period from 25 to 50 million tones, surpassing the production of CFC-11 in 1989.

在所述事例中,主机人们应用的是主谓宾的简单句,在表述超越的那时候,人们应用的形容词是surpass, 除开这一英语单词之外,人们可以用exceed或是overtake来替换成,也可以表述类似的含意.值得一提的是,这类叙述方法并不是是务必的,若应用得话也提议只应用一次,就算是数据图表中有2个左右的交点.

6. 第六罗汉:将来时结构罗汉

在小作文数据图表题的动态数据中,常常会出現将来的時间,这就规定人们在描绘到这种数据的那时候务必应用一般将来时.可是实际上应用的那时候人们会发觉这种数据最少有2, 3个以至于大量,那麼人们就不可以千篇一律地将全部的地区都用一般将来时,而必须提升一些结构上的转变,此刻,将来时的结构便应时而生了:

I. be predicted to

II. be forecast to

III. be projected to

IV. It is predicted that

要留意的是前三个结构中的to全是不定式,后边要接续形容词的原型,在实际上应用时be形容词一般都为is, 可是这种结构都表达将来的含意:

I. The percentage showed a sharp increase in the coming years, which is forecast to reach a peak of 59% in the year 2021.

II. From 1990 onwards, however, the figure plunged, which is predicted to drop by 50% to only 10% in 2030.

III. It is predicted that the number of visitors will continue its upward trend and climb to 30,000 in the year 2035.

在应用这好多个将来时结构时,人们留意到数据的描绘起先用一个简单句包含了全部发展趋势,发展趋势中包括了以往如今和将来的数据,随后立即用表达将来时的结构拉出最后一个数据就能.这一可以说是应用这种结构的理论依据,大伙儿何不记一下.

7. 第七罗汉:连词罗汉

小作文中的连词具有了对接逻辑顺序的功效,是一篇出色范例中的关键构成,依据经验交流,在行为主体段中常常会采用下列这种关键的连词结构:

I. as can be seen

II. as can be told from the graph

III. turning to

IV. with respect to

V. with regard to

VI. in contrast

VII. by comparison

VIII. compared to/with

IX. in short

X. on the contrary

XI. however

XII. conversely

XIII. surprisingly

XIV. interestingly

XV. similarly

XVI. onwards

XVII. following this

XVIII. after that

XIX. then

前2个连词人们一般用以第一个行为主体段开场,可是在日常动态数据图中,人们将会就会应用时间状语做为开场,因而这2个连词是参照,并非务必.行为主体段第2段,第3段以至于第4段的开场人们能够参照3—5这好多个连词,特别是在是第4第5个,在含意上大概一致,表达“在...层面”.第6个和第7个的差别取决于前面一种表达的是不同之处的比照,而后面一种则表达同样或类似点的较为,后边全是跟语句.而当必须接续专有名词或是语句时人们就立即应用第8个连词.第13个和第14个数据感情副词,一些那时候数据会让你导致一种感情上的转变和震撼人心,这时就必须应用这2个连词.从第16个连词刚开始全是表达時间的,在动态数据中应用.

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

发表于 2019-11-05

雅思小作文题型特性简介

特性一:

柱图,曲线图,表格的总数仍然是前三甲,但总产量较往年降低.

特性二

考得的四次混和图中都出現了柱图,这在某种意义上填补了柱图总数的缺少;而曲线图和饼状图的总数降低在挺大水平上让度给了混和图(比上年多3次),地图(比上年多2次),表格(比上年多1次),及其流程表(比上年多1次).

特性三:

柱图侧重动态图,饼状图侧重静态数据图,无形中提升了题型的总体难度系数.
下边是2013年雅思小作文难点剖析,关键的难题取决于多统计数据描述,多时态图表和流程表中地图的难度系数提升.

难题一:多统计数据描述的图表依然存有.

The bar chart shows average hours of housework done by women (unemployment, part time, full time) and full time working men. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

写法:

Part One:Introduction改变详细介绍句
Part Two: Main Body(全部行为主体语段都用以往时态)
Main Body 1: 最先应用最高级别重中之重描述women no employment的发展趋势转变——先降低后recovered;以后用比较级描述women part-time employment的发展趋势,先小幅度降低以后相对性大幅度升高与women no employment的区别narrowed.women full-time employment一笔带过.
Main Body 2:重中之重描述与女士产生迥然不同的men full-time employment的情况,是最小值,前10年保持一致之后提升.
Part Three: Conclusion 归纳小结:女士不管哪种employment,都比男士花在家务活上的時间多;而出了women no employment之外,三个标值,20年時间全是展现均线多头排列.

难题二:频出多时态图表(总统计数据、分统计数据出現在一个图表;以往时态+未来时态另外出現在一个图表中).

The chart below gives some information about the growth of urban population in certain parts of the world including the prediction of the future.
Population of the towns and cities for the percentage of the total

写法:

Part One:Introduction改变详细介绍句
Part Two: Main Body行为主体语段留意时态的转变,前边1950和2000年都用以往时态,而写2030必须用未来时态,如主语+is going to/is predicted to/is expected to+形容词原型.
Part Three: Conclusion 归纳小结整体发展趋势

难题三:流程表中地图总数和难度系数增加.

变化地图解决法:

1 、 留意时态. 留意图中带有past, present, future的時间信息内容,必需时开展时态变化.
2 、 留意次序. 动态地图创作时必须明确参照,以后依照东—西—中/南—北—中/顺时针方向/逆时针方向的次序开展描述就能.
3 、 方位词. 地图题一般依照“上北下南左西右东”方位排列,创作时要会应用专一性介词.
4 、表达“存有”的多元性表述. 如there be句式;事情主语+ be located/situated in+方位词;地区+have+事情;方向+谓语+事情的倒装句型这些.
5 、表达“变化”的多元性表述. 如“拆卸demolish/destruct/level off;“在建”construct, establish, pave+路面, make, repair;“改造/复建/拆迁”;及其“替代”类表述如:A is replaced by B, In A’s place, B was built或是B gave way to A这些.

地图对比图的方式:

写法:
part 1: Introduction 改变题型详细介绍句
part 2 :main body (这里语段区划一般在于图表的数量)
main body 1: 第一句综上所述日本国公司办公室的合理布局(The layout of Japanese office is based on hierarchical levels.).接下去,分述每一方向的实际信息内容(留意只做客观性描述,不做主观性点评)
main body 2: 第一句专题报告英国公司办公室的合理布局情况(In contrast, the American office is arranged according to department function).后边详解某一方向分別是什么单位什么岗位.

发表于 2019-11-05
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