雅思话题“公共交通”是怎样的?

雅思话题“公共交通”是怎样的?

雅思大作文解析

话题

“Public transport should be funded by the government so that it can be free for the people who use it. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.”

解析&立意

雅思考试考试题规定学生就“以便减少交通堵塞,政府部门出示完全免费城市公共交通是有效的方法”这一叫法开展论述.或许有的学生写过这一题目,题目還是有很大的差别.尽管二者都会谈完全免费城市公共交通难题,题目是明确规定与“交通堵塞”难题联络起來,学生应当回应“完全免费城市公共交通究竟是否处理交通堵塞的最合理方法”,而本题则沒有那样的联络,因而学生能够在更宽阔的范畴阐述“完全免费城市公共交通”的利弊.

完全免费城市公共交通自然能够让旅客节省钱(它是最基本的化学物质层面),此外将会让许多 人已不开自身的车,这总有将会改进交通条件和自然环境,另外降低道路维修层面的工作中,这种全是好的地区,但弊端都是非常容易想起的,例如:政府部门把钱投给了完全免费交通出行,就没有钱投给文化教育、诊疗等行业了(它是政府部门投资类话题讨论能够常常应用的见解),除此之外,完全免费交通出行不一定能合理改进交通出行和环境污染问题,由于交通出行完全免费了,许多 本来不准备交通出行的人也都交通出行了,其結果是导致更坏的交通问题.

7分范例

Public transit is a critical part of a modern country’s mass transportation network. Should it be free? It is easy to say that the government must do its best to support public transport, but it is difficult to make public transport completely free.

There are mainly three reasons why some people say that public transport should be made free. Firstly, free transport will benefit the regular commuters, especially those whose financial condition does not allow them to spend a lot on transport. Secondly, it will encourage people out of their cars and will therefore help reduce the serious traffic jams and air pollution in the ever expanding cities. Finally, free public transport would actually save the government money spent in maintaining the roads because more people would use it instead of driving.

However, the idea of free public transport does not work as healthily as we might have expected. In the first place, it will put a heavy burden on the

government’s budget so that the government will have to cut down on itsinvestment in such sectors as education, medical care, technological development, to mention just the three. Meanwhile, exactly how much the free public transport can help with the traffic and environment is also doubtful. When public transport goes free, many people who otherwise would stay at home may choose to go out by taking the free transport. This will greatly undo the benefits brought by the reduced number of private cars on road and may even paralyze the public transport system, especially during the rush hours. Beijing, for instance, found itself in great traffic trouble when the city announced to provide free metro service for its citizens during the Asian Games in 1990. Then in 2008 when Beijing was hosting the Olympic Games, the city never made the similar attempt.

In sum, free public transport is a good idea, but it is not always good in practice. For the sake of traffic and environment, the government, rather than providing funds for free public transport, should construct more roads and introduce stricter rules of car ownership and use.

提议记诵的语句

1.It is easy to say that the government must do its best to support public transport, but it is difficult to make public transport completely free.

政府部门务必竭尽全力适用公共交通,这一叫法沒有难题,但是使公共交通彻底随意是艰难的.

2.Free transport will benefit the regular commuters, especially those whose financial condition does not allow them to spend a lot on transport.

完全免费的交通出行将有益于每日上班的旅客,特别是在是这些经济发展标准不容许她们在运送花销很多的人.

3.(free public transport)will put a heavy burden on the government’sbudget so that the government will have to cut down on its investment in such sectors as education, medical care, technological development, to mention just the three.

(完全免费公共交通)将给政府部门的费用预算产生厚重的承担,因而政府部门将迫不得已减少在文化教育、诊疗、科研开发等单位的项目投资.

4.When public transport goes free, many people who otherwise would stay at home may choose to go out by taking the free transport. This will greatlyundo the benefits brought by the reduced number of private cars on road and may even paralyze the public transport system, especially during the rush hours.

当公共交通完全免费的那时候,很多原本会留到家中的人将会挑选乘座完全免费的代步工具交通出行.这将大大的消弱道上私家轿车总数降低产生的益处,乃至将会使公共交通系统软件偏瘫,特别是在是在交通出行高峰.

5.For the sake of traffic and environment, the government, rather than providing funds for free public transport, should construct more roads and introduce stricter rules of car ownership and use.

以便交通出行和自然环境,政府部门不应当为完全免费公共交通出示资产,而应当基本建设大量的路面,并导入更严苛的小车有着和应用的标准.

你和雅思的故事 - Go Hard or Go Home

发表于 2020-01-11

雅思写作大优秀作文解析

题型

Public transport should be funded by the government so that it can be free for the people who use it.To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement.公共交通应当由政府支助,那样应用它的人就能够免费试用.你在多多方面上愿意或不愿意这一叫法.

分析:

该题型归属于政府类议论文,一般调查政府的义务和资金管理难题,例如政府怎样处理垃圾分类回收及环境污染问题,法律是不是唯一方法,政府是不是要项目投资造型艺术,体育场馆,外太空科学研究,文化教育这些.该题型有关政府是不是要支助公共交通,促使大家完全免费享受.假如全部公共交通包含公共汽车,地铁站,高铁动车乃至飞机场全是完全免费得话,群众毫无疑问开心雀跃,估算离共产主义社会也很近了.但细细地要来,这一作法会产生大量的难题,政府不堪入目沙袋绑腿,公共交通內部必定拥挤不堪入目没法承重过多人口数量.反过来,交到民营企业去经营,政府承担管控才算是更有效的作法,群众选购火车票,服务项目也才更有确保.

文章体裁

P1:导入话题讨论+亮明见解;

P2:妥协段:政府有义务为群众排忧解难的出行/减轻交通堵塞和空气污染;

P3:强调为何不愿意见解一:政府工作压力过大,危害别的层面支出如诊疗文化教育/群众不爱惜和爱护公共设施;

P4:强调为何不愿意见解二:最好是交到私企经营,她们更满足客户需求/设计方案经营线路/提高服务项目;

P5:小结全篇:严格执行管理中心论点论据.

高分数话题讨论表述:

neither feasible nor desirable既不行得通都不可用

convenient and economical 便捷经济发展的

alleviates traffic congestion and environment deterioration减轻交通阻塞和自然环境恶变

pose a tremendous burden on 产生极大的承担

progress and prosperity 发展和兴盛

the enterprise of civil society 公民社会的开拓创新

vandalism 有意毁坏公物

more attractive and affordable 更有诱惑力更性价比高

the additional advantages 额外的优势

the flexibility of autonomous travel 独立出行的协调能力

范文:

Free availability of public transport clearly has a number of desirable advantages for people’s commuting as well as for the environment generally. Nevertheless, from my perspective, the practice that public transportation is totally invested by the government to achieve free of charge is neither feasible nor desirable.

Granted, it is the government’s responsibility to provide a convenient and economical traveling mode for citizens as the taxes paid by people should be allocated to improve the infrastructure. In addition, free tickets will definitely reduce reliance on private vehicles. There is considerable evidence suggesting that where public transport options are cheaper, people will use them more frequently, which in return alleviates traffic congestion and environment deterioration.

However, there are overwhelmingly more undesirable consequences. First of all, a tremendous burden is likely to be posed on local government since public traffic is not the only industry that needs money to keep running. A country’s progress and prosperity need to improve other priorities, be they health care or education, on which the enterprise of civil society hinges. Moreover, this might increase the potential for unimaginable chaos as public system will definitely become overcrowded. People generally do not treasure those obtained freely, so vandalism might occur and more money is needed to maintain and preserve these facilities, which is the last thing governments would want.

On the contrary, public traffic system could be managed more effectively and made more attractive and affordable by private enterprises. Being more sensitive to the market, they tend to employ relevant experts to carry out research before designing routines, running time, ticket prices and so on. With tickets being purchased, individuals will also enjoy high level of service, which has the additional advantages of encouraging them to keep carriages clean whilst allowing them the flexibility of autonomous travel.

In summary, although free tickets will alleviate environment problems in a short time, more problems might be given rise to. Therefore, private companies rather than local government should assume the main responsibility to provide a convenient travel mode for people.

发表于 2020-01-11

雅思话题“公共交通”有什么优点和缺点?

思路

公共交通的优点positives of public transport

We need to reduce our dependence on cars

人们必须降低对小车的依赖感

Parking a car can be extremely difficult in big cities

在大城市,泊车将会极为艰难.

Well-designed transport systems are comfortable and convenient

有着优良设计方案的道路运输系统软件既舒服又便捷.

Modern public transport can be fast and cheap

当代公共交通便捷又划算.

Public transport can help to reduce pollution in cities

公共交通可以协助降低城市中的环境污染.

Investment in buses and trains will ease traffic congestion

对公共汽车和列车的项目投资能够缓解交通堵塞.

Buses can be given special lanes to avoid traffic

公共汽车有单独的行车道来绕开车子.

公共交通的缺点negatives of public transport

Public transport is often slow and unreliable

公共交通一般比较慢,并且不太靠谱.

Metro systems and trains are often dirty and crowded

地铁站系统软件和列车一般又脏又拥堵.

People feel like “sardines in a can”

大家觉得好像水果罐头里的金枪鱼一样.

Cars are much more comfortable

私家轿车要舒适许多 .

发表于 2020-01-11
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